That illustrated is the famous helepolis built by Epimachus of Athens for Demetrius “Poliorcetes” (the Besieger) in 304 BC. This was the largest siege-tower of ancient times and descriptions of it survive in the accounts of Vitruvius, Diodorus, Plutarch and the so-called Athenaeus Mechanicus. It was an important event in the Fourth War of the Diadochi (the successors of Alexander the Great), because Demetrius and his father were called kings. After recovering Athens, Demetrius I murdered his competitors and seized the throne of Macedonia in 294 BC. The Great Siege of Rhodes 14. Amazingly, Demetrius was still not defeated. Demetrius kept a foothold in Greece and in 294 reoccupied Athens and established himself as king of Macedonia, but in 288 he was driven out by his rivals Lysimachus and Pyrrhus. The Siege of Athens lasted through 287 BC when the city was put under siege by King Demetrius I of Macedon.Athens revolted in that year against Demetrius' rule and elected Olympiodorus as strategos.Olympiodorus raised a force among the Athenian citizens, including old men and children, and attacked the Macedonian garrison that had retreated to the fort at the Museum hill which he took with … Athens was at this time oppressed by the tyranny of Lachares—a popular leader who made himself supreme in Athens in 296 BC—but Demetrius, after a protracted blockade, gained possession of the city (294 BC) and pardoned the inhabitants for their misconduct in 301. Demetrius, the elder son and heir of Antigonus led the Antigonid fleet around the Southern tip of Attica planning to land in the Peloponnese and march on Sparta. And good luck grant thee thy Demetrius! Demetrius. Plutarch on the liberation of Athens. [Exit HERMIA] Helena, adieu: As you on him, Demetrius dote on you! The Fruits of Victory: Kingship, Lamia, Africa 13. In 305 BC the newly-minted King Demetrius began his most famous exploit, his year-long siege of Rhodes. 18 The Besieger Alone. 295/24 Demetrius is wounded while besieging Messene. It was for this reason that of all the gods he took Dionysus as his particular model, since this god was most terrible when waging war, but also most skilful at exploiting the ensuing peace for the pursuit of pleasure and enjoyment. 7. His record as a besieger in mainland Greece was far better: in the fifteen years after he liberated Athens from the occupying forces of his rival Cassander in 307 BC, Demetrius stormed nearly every major city in central and southern Greece. Lamia was the daughter of one Cleanor. He finally surrendered to Seleucus I Nicator in Cilicia (285) and died there (283). He belonged to the Antigonid dynasty and was its first member to rule Macedonia. Keep word, Lysander: we must starve our sight 230 From lovers' food till morrow deep midnight. Download Citation | Demetrius in Athens | This chapter provides critical insight into the relationship between Demetrius Poliorcetes and the famous city of Athens. He freed the city from the power of Cassander and Ptolemy, expelled the garrison which had been stationed there under Demetrius of Phalerum, and besieged and took Munychia (307 BC). This chapter looks closely at a number of aspects of this military undertaking, including Demetrius’ strategies in siege warfare. 11 The Antigonid Campaign in Cyprus, 306 BC. Egeus arrives with his daughter Hermia and her two suitors, Lysander (the man she wants to marry) and Demetrius (the man her father wants her to marry). 300 BC) was a celebrated courtesan, and mistress of Demetrius Poliorcetes. On la… V: The Battle of Gaza–5.6.3), but managed to reverse most of his losses the next year when he surprised and routed a Ptolemaic army in Syria (n. 6.3.1). 13 The Great Siege of Rhodes. 17 Demetrius' Flight. In late 311 a peace treaty brought an end to the Third Diadoch War (n. 7.4.2). A year later, they themselves assumed the title. Lysander. Among other uniquely designed siege machines employed by Demetrius was a giant ram over 60 metres long, requiring over 1000 men to operate, and which was also designed by Epimachus of Athens. In 307 BC, Antigonus's son Demetrius captured Athens and restored its democratic system, which had been suppressed by Alexander. The Confederate fleet under the experienced Adherbaal challenged the Antigonids to battle in shallow water, skillfully using their lighter warships to flank the troop laden Antigonid galleys. The Mysteries and the League 16. 14 Demetrius' Return to Greece, 304-303 BC. He should consider himself at liberty to disregard his treaty with Demetrius, in which the latter had given no guarantee of leaving him unmolested, but had claimed for himself the right to make war upon the enemy of his choice. 44. Life. Egeus has come to Theseus to complain that his daughter won’t marry Demetrius, as he has ordered her to do, because she wants to marry Lysander instead. Much had changed on the Greek mainland since Demetrius’ previous departure from its shores all those years ago. Lamia of Athens (late 4th/early 3rd century BCE) was an influential hetaira* associated with Demetrius Poliorcetes and possibly Ptolemy I Soter. But what of that? Athens revolted in that year against Demetrius' rule and elected Olympiodorus as strategos. In subsequent ages, siege engineers continued to use the name helepolis for moving towers which carried battering rams, as well as machines for throwing spears and heavy stones. 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